This is the largest of the Romanesque churches in Cologne, and an easy one to miss since it’s right across from the Chocolate Museum! St. Maria im Kapitol was constructed in the 11th century and is the second church to stand on this site, over the foundations of a 50 A.D. Roman temple. The first church was built in 710 A.D. and part of the western wall and foundations were incorporated into the current church.
St. Maria im Kapitol was designed in a trefoil (clover-leaf) choir configuration with the exact dimensions of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. The configuration later became popular in the Rhineland. The wooden doors are from the Middle Ages and depict Christ’s Nativity, Teachings and Passion.